Cloud services defined

The model of cloud computing defined by NIST comprises three service models:

  1. Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS). “The ability provided to the consumer is to provision processing, storage, networks, and other fundamental computing resources where the consumer is able to deploy and run arbitrary software, which can include operating systems and applications. The consumer… has control over operating systems, storage, and deployed applications.”
  2. Platform as a Service (PaaS). “The capability provided to the consumer is to deploy onto the cloud infrastructure consumer-created or acquired applications created using programming languages, libraries, services, and tools supported by the provider. The consumer does not manage or control the underlying cloud infrastructure including network, servers, operating systems, or storage, but has control over the deployed applications and possibly configuration settings for the application-hosting environment.”
  3. Software as a Service (SaaS). “The capability provided to the consumer is to use the provider’s applications running on a cloud infrastructure. The applications are accessible from various client devices through either a thin client interface, such as a web browser (eg web-based email), or a program interface. The consumer does not manage or control the underlying cloud infrastructure including network, servers, operating systems, storage, or even individual application capabilities, with the possible exception of limited user-specific application configuration settings.”

CLOUD DELIVERY MODELS

NIST also defines four cloud deliver models:

  1. Private cloud: the cloud infrastructure is provisioned for exclusive use by a single organisation and used by multiple consumers within that organisation (e.g. business units). It may be owned, managed and operated by the organisation, a third party, or some combination of them, and it may exist on or off premises.
  2. Public cloud: the cloud infrastructure is provisioned for open use by the general public. It may be owned, managed, and operated by a business, academic, or government organisation, or some combination of them. It exists on the premises of the cloud provider.
  3. Community cloud: the cloud infrastructure is provisioned for exclusive use by a specific community of consumers from organisations that have shared concerns (e.g. mission, security requirements, policy, and compliance considerations). It may be owned, managed, and operated by one or more of the organisations in the community, a third party, or some combination of them, and it may exist on or off premises.
  4. Hybrid cloud: the cloud infrastructure is a composition of two or more distinct cloud infrastructures (private, community, or public) that remain unique entities, but are bound  together by standardised or proprietary technology that enables data and application  portability (e.g. cloud bursting for load balancing between clouds).